Through garden care and management, the outstanding garden arrangement techniques of Japan will be introduced to the people of the world; specifically to those from Turkey and the Middle East region.
The friendship between the Republic of Turkey and Japan has a long history. With the recent diplomatic involvement between the leaders of these countries, economic incentives and cultural interactions have increased. The Japanese Garden Exhibition will represent Japanese culture and promote the relationship between Japan and Turkey.
The Republic of Turkey held garden exhibitions at the 1990 Osaka International Flower and Greenery Fair and the Shizuoka International Garden Plants Fair: Pacific Flora 2004. The Japanese Garden Exhibition will be a reciprocation of those efforts.
Japanese Garden Design Explanation
The Japanese garden is based on the simple Karesansui style Japanese rock garden. The Ryumonbaku (dragon-gate waterfall) Area forms the main view on the southwest (left) side of the garden. In addition there is a river area, an inland sea area and an open-sea area, which are all represented by white stones and plants.
A tea garden surrounded by taimatsugaki and bamboo fences is displayed beyond a path at the entrance of the north side of the garden. Tea ceremonies will take place in this area. Sankyo and hachiakari stone lanterns, commonly found in post-Momoyama Era gardens, are prominent elements of the garden. They add a somber ambiance and symbolically represent a view of nature. Past the ryumonbaku, prominently stands a hill covered with dense plants, high trees and bushes along with evergreens in the center. The hills represent the deep valleys of Japan. The stone bridge in front of the ryumonbaku creates a rural scene. The smooth white stones and coastal stone cape lanterns represent the scenery of the river flowing through the valley toward the inner sea. The seahorse figure represents the location (Wakayama-ken, Kushimoto-cho Kashinozaki) of the Ertugrul Frigate Disaster, an integral event in the diplomatic relationship between Turkey and Japan.
The wavy grass on the east side of the pavilion represents islands floating in the ocean and the white stones represent the sea surface from the inner sea to the open sea. The grassy area at the south side of the pavilion is decorated with the flowers of Turkey, and directs visitors to the exit while leaving the brilliance of Turkish flora in mind. The grassy area and white stones are shaped with topographical motifs based on locations around Istanbul.
This area is emphasized by a three-sided, white wall around the external circumference of the west side of the garden. The wall frames the main view, prevents visitors from entering by way of the bushes and gives an impression of an outward extension of the garden.